美国签证官他们到底关心什么

很多中国学生都对签证面试环节很畏惧。实际上,签证官们远没那么可怕,他们也只想搞清楚自己关心的问题而已。那么,美国签证官他们到底关心什么呢?在签证面试中哪些问题是签证官爱问的呢?他们都问哪些问题呢?
 
一、学生身份和学习动机
面试之前,签证官会在你所提交的材料上看到你的学生身份,所以,在面试之前,学生身份的确认比较简单,但要说清楚自己的学习动机则稍显困难些。对此,你应该清楚地告诉你的签证官,你的实际情况是怎样的,这与你所申请的专业有何关系,以及你对专业的认识等内容。要回答这三个问题,就必然要求你对自己有清楚的认识,对申请专业和学校有透彻清晰的了解。而这些都有助于签证官明确你的学习动机,从而获得签证官的信赖。所以,建议在面试前,多多查询申请学校的官网,结合自己的想法,形成对专业的认识,在面试时,言简意赅地向签证官表达出来即可。
 
二、财务证明
签证提交的材料中也包含了学生的财务证明,在面试的时候,签证官依然还会审核这方面的内容。如果你的财务证明非常齐全,你便要用语言向签证官叙述财务状况。尤其对一些特殊情况,必须在面试上清楚得向签证官解释说明。比如你所提供的存款存期较短,签证官很可能询问其原因。那么你便要给出具有说服力的理由,让签证官相信财产来源的合法性以及你在留学期间有稳定的费用来源。在存款金额上也要注意,一般以I-20表上载明的费用为准,本科生提供至少覆盖三年、研究生提供至少一年的学习和生活费用的存款证明。签证官对财务证明非常重视,你既要准备充分的证明材料,也需要在面试中边说边向签证官出示相应的证明,最好不要让签证官来提醒你,你需要给他看哪些资料。这样的情况会造成冷场不说,也会给签证官留下不好的印象。
 
三、按期回国
学生签证获得的一个重要原则是没有移民倾向,即你要使签证官确信在完成学业后能按期回国。在阐述的时候,你要证明赴美留学的唯一目的是完成在美的全职学习,只是做短期的临时居留。同时,要把自身和家庭情况表述清楚,签证官会考量你在国内的社会地位和社会关系,相信学生会按期回国。你还应当准备学成归国的计划,以便进一步表明自己没有移民倾向,比如:未来职业发展计划是否和申请的专业有很大的关联。
 
此外,需要说明的是,你是否有家人在美国,并不影响获得签证的资格。如果你所申请申请的专业及背景有所特殊,可则能需要接受额外的审核。建议你做好研究计划并准备好导师网页的打印件,这种安全审核一般需要4周左右的时间。
 
以下附上美国签证官经常问的问题整理:
  1. Hello, how are you?
  2. Why do you need a ? Where will you go?
  3. Have you taken or IELTS exams?/ Did you take any standard tests?
  4. Why don’t you study in China?
  5. Why do you choose this ?
  6. What is your major? Why do you like this major? Why do you choose this major?
  7. How long do you to stay in the US?
  8. What are you going to do after graduation? Do you have a clear future plan? After your study in the US, what will you do?
  9. When will you go to university?
  10. Where will you live?
  11. How many universities have you compared with? What are they?
  12. How much do you know about the university? Tell me something about the university you choose.
  13. How many university admit you?
  14. Do they give you ? Do you seek financial from the universities? Do you seek scholarship?
  15. Where are you studying now?
  16. Have you taken GAOKAO/National Entrance ?
  17. Why don’t you choose a university in China?
  18. Show me your transcript. May I see your transcript? Do you have a transcript?
  19. Are you a student?
  20. What is your favorite subject?
  21. Who will support you? Who is your sponsor?
  22. Do you know how much money will you need for your study/stay in the US?
  23. Do you plan to seek financial support in US?
  24. Show me your bank ./ Can I see your bank deposit?
  25. What do your parents do?
  26. How much do ther earn a year?/ What’s their income?
  27. Explain the source of the money.
  28. What will you do after your graduation? What is your future plan?
  29. Do you plan to seek employment in US after your graduation?
  30. Is this the first time you are outside of China? Is this your first time abroad? Have you ever been outside of China?
  31. Do you have any friends or relatives in the US?
  32. Is this the first time for your US visa ?
  33. Who is your ?
  34. How do you connect with the university?
  35. How did you find the unversity?
  36. How do you apply to the universities?
  37. How long have you prepared for your visa interview?
  38. What is your major now and what is the major you will study further?
  39. Can you compare with your majors?
  40. Can you explain what you learned in the university? Talk about something about your major.
  41. Do you know what courses you will have in future?
  42. Why do you choose this major?
 
一般不会超出这些问题,我去面签的时候面试官跟我随便侃了几句就结束了,不要担心,你一定能过的!
 
很多时候,面试失败的原因不是能力的欠缺,而是心理素质的脆弱。如果你在面对签证官的时候产生紧张情绪,则很容易导致发挥失常,甚至遭遇拒签。你应保持平和的心态,切记紧张。如果你平时语速过快,也要注意在面试时放慢语速,其实不用着急,有话慢慢说,最重要是让签证官听明白回答的内容。同时反应要快,不要签证官提问停顿太久也回答不上来。当你没听清问题时,可以礼貌地请签证官再说一遍,切忌无动于衷。最后,祝愿每一位你都能如愿以偿,获得签证,顺利开始留学美国梦。