知识贴:美地道俚语大全

1. clock in 打卡 
Don’t forget to clock in, otherwise you won’t get paid.  
别忘了打卡,否则领不到钱。 

2. come on to 对…轻薄;吃豆腐 
Tanya slapped Bill after he came on to her. 
Tanya 在 Bill 对她轻薄之后打了他一巴掌。 

3. come easily 易如反掌 
Languages come easily to some people. 
语言学习对有些人来说易如反掌。 

4. don’t have a cow 别大惊小怪 
Don’t have a cow! I’ll pay for the damages. 
别大惊小怪的!我会赔偿损失的。 

5. push around 欺骗 
Don’t try to push me around! 
别想耍我! 

6. keep one’s shirt on 保持冷静 
Keep your shirt on. He didn’t mean to offend you. That’s just the way he talks. 
保持冷静。那只是他说话的惯常方式,他并非有意要冒犯你。 

7. cool 冷静一点 
Cool it. You are making me mad. 
冷静一点。你快把我逼疯了。 

8. joy ride 兜风 
Let’s go for a joy ride. 
让我们去兜兜风。 

9. rap 说唱乐 
Do you like rap music? I have trouble understanding the words. 
你喜欢说唱音乐吗?我听不太懂其中的歌词。 

10. -letter day 大日子 
This is a red-letter day for Susan. She made her first sale to a very important client. 
今天是 Susan 的大日子。她和一个非常重要的客户做成了第一笔生意。 

11. go up in smoke 成为泡影 
Peter’s plans went up in smoke when a crisis arose in the
办公室出了问题,Peter 的假期泡汤了。 

12. hit the road 上路 
We should probably hit the road. It’s going to take us two hours to get home. 
我们可能该上路了。到家得两个小时呢! 

13. shape up 表现良好,乖 
You’d better shape up if you want to stay on. 
如果你还想留下来的话最好乖一点儿。 

14. scare the shit out of someone 吓死某人了 
Don’t sneak up behind me like that. You scared the shit out of me. 
不要那样从后面悄悄走近我。你吓死我了。 

15. pull strings 运用关系(源于“拉木偶的线”) 
He pulled some strings and managed to get us front row seats for the concert. 
他运用关系替我们拿到音乐会前排的位子。 

16. come again 再说一遍 
Come again? I didn’t quite understand what you said. 
再说一遍好吗?你刚说的话我不太明白。 

17. come 全盘托出,招供 
The decided to come clean. 
罪犯决定供出事实。 

18. spring for 请客 
Let me spring for dinner. 
我来请客吃饭吧。 

19. spill the beans 泄漏秘密 
Don’t spill the beans. It’s supposed to be a secret. 
别说漏了嘴,这可是个秘密哦! 

20. stick in the mud 保守的人 
Cathy is such a stick in the mud. She never wants to try anything new. 
Cathy 真保守,她从不想尝试新事物。 

21. john 厕所 
I have to go to the john. Wait for me in the car. 
我要去厕所。在车里等我一下。 

22. keep in 管束 
He needs to be kept in line. He’s too wild. 
他太野了,要好好管束一下。 

23. jump the gun 草率行事 
Don’t jump the gun. We have to be patient for a while. 
不要草率行事。我们应该耐心等一会儿。 

24. jump to conclusion 妄下结论 
Don’t jump to conclusion. We have to figure it out first. 
不要妄下结论,先把事情搞清楚。 

25. lemon 次 
This car is a real lemon. It has broken down four times. 
这辆车真次,已经坏了四次了! 

26. fishy 可疑的 
His story sounds fishy. We should see if it’s really true. 
他的故事听起来可疑。我们应该看看到底是不是真的。 

27. out 乐死了 
Chris flipped out when I told him that we won the game. 
我告诉克里斯我们赢了比赛时,他乐歪了。 

28. fix someone up 撮合某人 
I think Xixi and Macaulay would make a perfect couple. Let’s fix them up. 
我想 Xixi 和 Macaulay 会是理想的一对,我们来撮合他们吧。 

29. take a shine to 有好感 
He really likes you. There are very few people he takes a shine to right away. 
他真的喜欢你。他很少对人一见面就有好感的。 

30. third wheel 累赘,电灯泡 
You two go on ahead. I don’t want to be a third wheel. 
你们两个去好了,我不想当电灯泡。 

31. ripoff 骗人的东西 
What a ripoff! The new car I bought doesn’t work! 
真是个骗人货!我买的新车启动不了! 

32. rock the boat 找麻烦 
Don’t rock the boat! Things are fine just the way they are. 
别找麻烦了,事情这样就够好了。 

33. blow it 搞砸了,弄坏了 
I blew it on that last
我上次考试考砸了。 

34. in hot water 有麻烦 
He is in hot water with his girlfriend recently. 
近段时间他跟女友的关系有点僵。 

35. put one’s foot in one’s mouth 祸从口出 
Wally is always saying such stupid thing. He has a real talent for putting his foot in his mouth. 
沃力尽说这种蠢话。他真有惹是生非的本事。 

36. flop (表演、电影等)不卖座,失败 
The movie was a flop. Nobody went to see it. 
这部电影卖座率奇低,没有人去看。 

37. drop in/by/over 随时造访 
Feel free to drop in anytime. I’m usually home and I’d love the company. 
欢迎随时来坐坐。我通常在家,也喜欢有人做伴。 

38. drop a line 写信 
Drop me a line! 
给我写信! 

39. a bad hair day 不顺利的一天 
A: What’s the matter Sam? You look upset. 
山姆,你没事吧?你看起来气色很不好。 

B: Oh, it’s nothing. I’m just having a bad hair day — everything’s going wrong. 
哦,没什么。我只是今天不顺利,所有事情都出错了。 

除此之外,如果为了表达诙谐的语气,a bad hair day 的主语还可以是物。 

My computer is having a bad hair day. 
我的电脑今天罢工了。 

40. pull someone’s leg 开某人的玩笑 
A: I met David Beckham in a pub last night and he bought me a drink. 
我昨晚在酒吧遇见贝克汉姆了,他还请我喝了杯酒。 

B: Are you pulling my leg? 
你在开玩笑吗? 

I was just pulling Karl’s leg when I said Marissa wanted to go out with him, but he believed me and he called her. And now they really are going out! 
我只是跟卡尔开玩笑说,玛瑞莎想和他去约会,但他居然相信了我,还打电话给马瑞萨。现在,他们居然真的出去约会啦。 

41. let the cat out of the bag 泄漏秘密 
We planned to give her a surprise party, but he let the cat out of the bag. 
我们计划给她一个令人惊讶的派对,但是他把事情泄露了。 

Their engagement was to be a secret but the ring on her finger let the cat out of the bag. 
他们俩订婚原本想保密的,可是她手指上的戒指却泄露了秘密。 

The criminal was hiding away from the police, but a small boy let the cat out of the bag when he told the police that there was a man in the house. 
罪犯正躲避警方的搜查,但一位小男孩泄漏了秘密,他告诉警方屋里有一个男人。 

※ Do you know? 
这个短语的来源至少有两种,其中之一是说,早在超市出现之前,人们通常在当地的市场买菜和家禽。在一些特殊的场合(如节日盛宴),乳猪是采购单上一样很抢手的食物。由于乳猪会乱动,当顾客挑选好并结账后,商人为了运送方便就把猪塞进一个帆布口袋(poke)里递给顾客。 

然而,奸商有时会利用顾客一时走神,把流浪猫冒充乳猪放进袋子里。直到顾客回家,“把猫从袋子里拿出来”(let the cat out of the bag),才发现这个骗局。所以这个词组意味着是一个意外的、但通常令人讨厌的发现。据说这也是谚语“不要买装在袋子里的猪”(don’t buy a pig in a poke)的由来,也就是“不要不看现货就买东西”的意思。 

42. white elephant 购买或保存起来十分昂贵却无实际用处的东西 
The fountain is a white elephant. 
这个喷水池真是废物。 

The foreign to the country was believed to be nothing but a white elephant. 
那个国家得到的外援不但无益反而成了沉重的负担。 

When he planned to sell his house, his expensive furniture became white elephants. 
他想要卖房子的时候,他的昂贵的家具成了累赘。 

※ Do you know? 
a white elephant 这个短语是来源于印度,由于印度人是很崇拜大象的,对于大象尤其是白象视若神灵。印度规定,白象是不可以宰杀、干活的,拥有白象的人家要好好地养着它,不可以虐待它,直到它死去。所以人们将白象视为一种累赘,这也就是 white elephant 的由来。 

由于 white elephant 有上述的意思,因而出现了 a white elephant sale(白象义卖)。不过这种以慈善为目的的义卖,所卖的不是白象,而是有心人士所捐出的家里不再需要之物品。

43. get out of bed on the wrong side 心情不佳 
The Prime Minister must have got out of bed on the wrong side this morning. 
首相今天心情欠佳。 

He must have got out of bed on the wrong side today, because he has shouted at everybody in the office. 
今天他准是情绪不佳,办公室里的每一个人他都训斥了。 

The man went to bed very late and got up on the wrong side of the bed. 
这个人很晚才睡,所以醒来时情绪很差。 

44. losing the plot 疯了 
I was waking up in the middle of the night, not knowing who I was or where I was. I really thought I was losing the plot. 
我半夜醒来,发现我不知道我是谁,也不知道我在哪里。我想我是真的疯了。 

She knows people think she’s “losing the plot” following the breakdown of her to Peter Andre. 
她知道人们认为她在经历同皮特的婚姻失败后肯定会疯的。